Will and be going to

Will + infinitive

Will has a neutral meaning. We use it to talk about facts in the future:

  • I’ll be 31 next month.
  • Next year will be 2018.
  • She’ll finish her study next year.
  • The sun will rise tomorrow.

We use will for instant decisions or agreement at the moment of speaking:

  • – There’s no milk. – Really? In that case, I’ll go to get some.
  • There’s a postbox over there. I’ll post these letters.

We use will for prediction based on opinion:

  • I think the Conservatives will win the next election.

We use will for a prediction about the future:

  • One day people will travel to Mars.

We use will in offer/invitation/promise:

  • I’ll help you tomorrow. if you want. /offer/
  • Will you come to lunch? ~Yes, thank you. /invitation/
  • I’ll pay you back next week. /promise/

Will does not express an intention /we use going to/:

  • It’s her birthday. She’s going to have a meal with her friends. NOT She’ll have a meal.

But we often use be going to for an intention and will for the details and comments:

  • We are going to have a meal. There’ll be about five of us. Oh, that will be great.

 


 

Be going to + infinitive

We use be going to for an intention, something already decided to do before the moment of speaking:

  • I’m going to sell my car.
  • He’s going to quit his job next month.
  • I’m going out. I’m going to post these letters.

We use be going to for a prediction based on something we can see /or hear/ now:

  • There isn’t a cloud in the sky. It’s going to be a lovely day.
  • This bag isn’t very strong. It’s going to break.

 

Past Simple

Use

We use past tense to talk about:

–> something that happened once in the past:

  • I met my wife in 1983.
  • We went to Spain for our holidays.
  • They got home very late last night.

–> something that happened again and again in the past:

  • When I was a boy I walked a mile to school every day.
  • We swam a lot while we were on holiday.
  • They always enjoyed visiting their friends.

–> something that was true for some time in the past:

  • I lived abroad for ten years.
  • He enjoyed being a student.
  • She played a lot of tennis when she was younger.

–> we often use phrases with ago with the past tense:

  • I met my wife a long time ago.

The form of the Past Simple is the same in all persons.

Questions

We use did to make questions with the past tense. 

We use did + subject + infinitive (without to) in all persons:

  • When did you meet your wife?
  • Where did you go for your holidays?
  • Did she play tennis when she was younger?
  • Did you live abroad?

But look at these questions with who:

  • Who discovered penicillin?
  • Who wrote Don Quixote?

Yes/No questions

  • Did you like the film? No, I didn’t.
  • Did she enjoy the party? Yes, she did.

Negatives

We use didn’t (did not) to make negatives with the past tense.

We use didn’t + infinitive (without to) in all persons:

  • They didn’t go to Spain this year.
  • We didn’t get home until very late last night.
  • I didn’t see you yesterday.

 

 

 

What I like to do in my free time

My free time is the weekend. I really like to sleep before lunch. Then I get up, prepare my breakfast and sit in my uncomfortable chair  and go on the Internet. I like reading news, blogs, stories in English. I really like reading everything in English. If the weather is fine I like to spend my time outside with my friends. In the summer I like riding my bicycle with my friend. His name is Juzepe. He doesn’t like riding for a long time. When we stop for a break, he loves drinking beer. I don’t love drinking beer and I drink water. In the winter I like winter sports in the mountain. I love going skiing but I’m not good skier. Also, when the weather is bad, I like to stay at home and I love watching films very much. I really like watching comedies, thrillers and adventures. My favourite adventure serial is Game of thrones. I love it! Sometimes I play video games on my console. I prefer games with cars or with an incredible story. But the most fun part is when I play PES with my friends. In my free time, I love reading books in English. Not everyone loves reading, especially in English.

Verbs ‘like’and ‘love’

1. like/love + noun

  • I like pizza.
  • She likes beer.
  • We like the sea.
  • I don’t like her.
  • He doesn’t like his teacher.
  • I love books.
  • Mimi loves music.
  • Susan and I love theatre.
  • I don’t love dark beer.
  • Anna doesn’t love big shopping centres.

2. like/love + -ing

  • I like playing computer games.
  • She likes doing yoga.
  • We like watching TV.
  • I don’t like playing football.
  • Tom doesn’t like swimming.
  • I love drinking water.
  • She loves walking in the park.
  • I don’t love going to school.
  • Anna doesn’t love drinking alcohol.

http://www.englishteachermelanie.com/how-to-use-the-english-verb-like/

http://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/common-verbs/like

Present Simple Spelling Changes

S

  • work –> works
  • live –> lives

Some verbs have present simple spelling changes for third person (he/she/it):

ES

Verbs that end in -s, -sc, -ch, -x:

  • kiss –> kisses
  • push –> pushes
  • watch –> watches
  • relax –> relaxes

IES

Verbs that end in -y:

  • study –> studies
  • try –> tries
  • marry –> marries
  • cry –> cries

-y doesn’t change to -ies if the ending is -ay, -ey, -oy, -uy:

  • play –> plays
  • say –> says
  • buy –> buys
  • enjoy –> enjoys
  • stay –> stays