Will + infinitive
Will has a neutral meaning. We use it to talk about
facts in the future:
I’ll be 31 next month.
Next year will be 2018.
She’ll finish her study next year.
The sun will rise tomorrow.
We use will for
instant decisions or agreement at the moment of speaking:
– There’s no milk. – Really? In that case, I’ll go to get some.
There’s a postbox over there. I’ll post these letters.
We use will for
prediction based on opinion:
I think the Conservatives will win the next election.
We use will for a
prediction about the future:
One day people will travel to Mars.
We use will in
I’ll help you tomorrow. if you want. /offer/
Will you come to lunch? ~Yes, thank you. /invitation/
I’ll pay you back next week. /promise/
Will does not express an intention /we use going to/:
It’s her birthday. She’s going to have a meal with her friends. NOT
She’ll have a meal.
But we often use be going to for an intention and will for the details and comments:
We are going to have a meal. There’ll be about five of us. Oh, that will be great.
Be going to + infinitive
be going to for an intention, something already decided to do before the moment of speaking:
I’m going to sell my car.
He’s going to quit his job next month.
I’m going out. I’m going to post these letters.
be going to for a prediction based on something we can see /or hear/ now:
There isn’t a cloud in the sky. It’s going to be a lovely day.
This bag isn’t very strong. It’s going to break.
We use past tense to talk about:
–> something that happened
once in the past:
met my wife in 1983. We
went to Spain for our holidays. They
got home very late last night.
–> something that happened
again and again in the past:
was a boy I walked a mile to school every day. We
swam a lot while we were on holiday. They always
enjoyed visiting their friends.
–> something that was
true for some time in the past:
lived abroad for ten years. He
enjoyed being a student. She
played a lot of tennis when she was younger.
–> we often use phrases with
ago with the past tense:
met my wife a long time ago.
The form of the Past Simple is the same in all persons.
We use did to make questions with the past tense.
: We use did + subject + infinitive (without to) in all persons
did you meet your wife? Where
did you go for your holidays?
Did she play tennis when she was younger?
Did you live abroad?
But look at these questions with
discovered penicillin? Who
wrote Don Quixote?
Did you like the film? No, I didn’t.
Did she enjoy the party? Yes, she did.
didn’t ( did not) to make negatives with the past tense.
We use didn’t + infinitive (without to) in all persons:
didn’t go to Spain this year. We
didn’t get home until very late last night. I
didn’t see you yesterday.
My free time is the weekend.
I really like to sleep before lunch. Then I get up, prepare my breakfast and sit in my uncomfortable chair and go on the Internet. I like reading news, blogs, stories in English. I really like reading everything in English. If the weather is fine I like to spend my time outside with my friends. In the summer I like riding my bicycle with my friend. His name is Juzepe. He doesn’t like riding for a long time. When we stop for a break, he loves drinking beer. I don’t love drinking beer and I drink water. In the winter I like winter sports in the mountain. I love going skiing but I’m not good skier. Also, when the weather is bad, I like to stay at home and I love watching films very much. I really like watching comedies, thrillers and adventures. My favourite adventure serial is Game of thrones. I love it! Sometimes I play video games on my console. I prefer games with cars or with an incredible story. But the most fun part is when I play PES with my friends. In my free time, I love reading books in English. Not everyone loves reading, especially in English.
like/love + noun
like pizza. She
likes beer. We
like the sea. I don’t
like her. He doesn’t
like his teacher.
love books. Mimi
loves music. Susan and I
love theatre. I don’t
love dark beer. Anna doesn’t
love big shopping centres.
like/love + -ing
like playing computer games. She
likes doing yoga. We
like watching TV. I don’t
like playing football. Tom doesn’t
love drinking water. She
loves walking in the park. I don’t
love going to school. Anna doesn’t
love drinking alcohol.
work –> work s live –> live
Some verbs have present simple spelling changes for third person (he/she/it):
Verbs that end in
-s, -sc, -ch, -x:
kiss –> kiss
es push –> push
es watch –> watch
es relax –> relax
Verbs that end in -y:
study –> stud
ies try –> tr
ies marry –> marr
ies cry –> cr
-y doesn’t change to -ies if the ending is -ay, -ey, -oy, -uy:
play –> pla
ys say –> sa
ys buy –> bu
ys enjoy –> enjo
ys stay –> sta