1. [uncountable] knowledge about the structure and behaviour of the natural and physical world, based on facts that you can prove, for example by experiments
- the laws of science
- new developments in science and technology
- the advance of modern science
2. [uncountable] the study of science
- science students/teachers/courses
3. [uncountable, countable] a particular branch of science
- to study one of the sciences
a person who studies one or more of the natural sciences (= for example, physics, chemistry and biology)
- a research scientist
- nuclear scientist
- scientists and engineers
- the cartoon figure of the mad scientist working in his laboratory
I / you / we / they explore
he / she / it explores
1. [transitive, intransitive] to travel to or around an area or a country in order to learn about it
- explore something (for something) The city is best explored on foot.
- They explored the land to the south of the Murray River.
- explore (for something) As soon as we arrived on the island we were eager to explore.
- companies exploring (= searching for) oil
2. [transtitive] explore something to examine something completely or carefully in order to find out more about it
- These ideas will be explored in more detail in chapter 7.
3. [transitive] explore something to feel something with your hands or another part of your body
- She explored the sand with her toes.
a person who travels to unknown places in order to find out more about them
- Early explorers traded directly with North Americans for furs.
- the great British explorers of the sixteenth century
known about many people
- a famous artist/hotel
- the most famous lake in Italy
- One day, I’ll be rich and famous.
- So this is the famous dress! (= the one we heard a lot about but have not seen)
- famous for something He became internationally famous for his novels.
- famous as something She was more famous as a writer than as a singer.
words that are printed underneath a picture, cartoon, etc. that explain or describe it
1. the government department that collects taxes on goods bought and sold and goods brought into the country, and that checks what is brought in
- The Customs have seized large quantities of smuggled heroin.
- French Customs have arrested two men.
- a customs officer
2. the place at a port or an airport where your bags are checked as you come into a country
- to go through customs and passport control
3. the taxes that must be paid to the government when goods are brought in from other countries
- to pay customs on something
- customs duty/duties
1. [countable, uncountable] custom (of doing something) an accepted way of behaving or of doing things in a society or a community
- an old/ancient custom
- the custom of giving presents at Christmas
- It’s a local custom.
- It is the custom in that country for women to marry young.
2. [singular] (formal or literary) the way a person always behaves
—> SYNONYM habit, practice
- It was her custom to rise early.
- As was his custom, he knocked three times.
3. [uncountable] (British English, formal) (also business North American English, British English) the fact of a person or people buying goods or services at a shop/store or business
- Thank you for your custom. Please call again.
- We’ve lost a lot of custom since prices went up.
like somebody/something but not exactly the same
- We have very similar interests.
- similar (to somebody/something) My teaching style is similar to that of most other teachers.
- similar (in something) The two houses is similar in size.
- The brothers look very similar.
- All our patients have broadly similar problems.
- The disease attacks the immune system in a similar way to AIDS.
- Stir the paint with a piece of wood or something similar.
the mother of your husband or wife
- The comedian told an endless stream of mother-in-law jokes.
life expectancy noun
the number of years that a person is likely ti live; the length of time that something is likely to exist or continue for
- Life expectancy for both men and women has improved greatly in the past 20 years.
- Women have a longer life expectancy than men.
- The life expectancy of a large bus is about 15 years.
the science or practice of farming
- The number of people employed in agriculture has fallen in the last decade.
- 50% of the country’s population depends on agriculture.
the business or industry of producing goods in large quantities in factories, etc.
- Many jobs in manufacturing were lost during the recession.
- The company has established its first manufacturing base in Europe.
1. [countable + singular or plural verb] the number, amount, rate of something, expressed as if it is part of a total which is 100; a part or share of a whole
- What percentage of the population is/are overweight?
- A high percentage of the female staff are part-time workers.
- Interest rates are expected to rise by one percentage point (= a unit of a one per cent).
- Tax rates fell by 3.4 percentage points.
- The figure is expressed as a percentage.
- The results were analysed in percentage terms.
2. [countable, usually singular] a share of the profits of something
- He gets a percentage for every car sold.
1. [singular + singular or plural verb] the smaller part of a group; less than half of the people or things in a large group
- Only a small minority of students is/are interested in politics these days.
- For a minority, the decision was a disappointment.
- minority shareholders in the bank
—> OPPOSITE majority
2. [countable] a small group within a community or a country that is different because of race, religion, language, etc.
- the rights of ethnic/racial minorities
- minority languages
- a large German-speaking minority in the east of the country
3. [uncountable] (law) the state of being under the age at which you are legally an adult
- When his minority ended he had to fight to reclaim his property.
1. a sum of money
- The insurance company will refund any amount due to you.
- You will receive a bill for the full amount.
- Small amounts will be paid in cash.
2. amount (of something) (used especially with uncountable nouns) a quantity of something
- an amount of time/money/information
- We’ve had an enormous amount of help from people.
- The server is designed to store huge amount of data.
a person who takes an active part in the protection of the environment
- a meeting of local conservationists
marital status noun
(used especially on official forms) the fact of whether you are single, married, etc.
- questions about age, sex and marital status